History of LMU
Founded in Ingolstadt in 1472, LMU's history reflects the changing currents that determined the course of European history over the past 550 years.
LMU and its changing times
Over the course of five centuries, LMU has been at the center of religious and political transformations. It was a bulwark of the Counter Reformation. Jesuits, secular reformers and Nobel Laureates all contributed to its fame. But its standing was gravely damaged during the 12 years of Nazi dictatorship, when fanatical adherents of Nazi ideology transformed the venerable institution into a pliant tool of the regime.
During this period, blind hatred and persecution resulted in the loss of a large part of what had established its good name back then, and happily does so again today – its outstanding scholars and scientists, alert and eager students and dedicated support staff. Together, they have all helped to restore and consolidate the excellent international reputation that LMU enjoys today.
Founded in 1472, LMU developed over the course of time into one of the best universities in Europe.
Bavaria's first university
Duke Ludwig IX the Wealthy of Bavaria-Landshut founds Bavaria's first university in Ingolstadt.
Konrad Celtis, one of the leading humanists of the day, joins the faculty.
Duke George the Wealthy of Bavaria-Landshut endows the Georgianum to enable less well-off canidates to study Theology.
Johannes Aventinus lectures on Mathematics, Astronomy and the works of Cicero in Ingolstadt.
Theologian Johannes Eck, one of Martin Luther’s most implacable opponents, is appointed to a professorship.
In November 1549, Petrus Canisius and two of his fellow-Jesuits arrive at the University.
Jakob Gretser takes up his teaching duties at the Jesuit College in Munich.
The Jesuit Christoph Scheiner begins to teach Mathematics and Hebrew at Ingolstadt University.
Johann Adam Freiherr von Ickstatt is appointed Director of the University.
The Illuminati, a secret society dedicated to the goals of the radical Enlightenment, is founded in Ingolstadt.
The University moves from Ingolstadt to Landshut, and takes up residence in the former Dominican monastery.
Shortly before its removal to Munich, LMU has 1,000 students.
During the reign of King Ludwig I LMU is transferred from Landshut to Munich.
Joseph Görres and Friedrich Schelling join the faculty at LMU.
Founder’s Day is celebrated for the first time to commemorate the founding of LMU and highlight its contributions to research.
In response to student protests, King Ludwig I orders the temporary closure of the University.
King Ludwig I commissions Friedrich von Gärtner to design a representative new building for the University.
Max von Pettenkofer is appointed Professor and later sets up the first Institute of Hygiene in Germany at LMU.
The King‘s relationship with Lola Montez triggers rioting and leads to the closure of the University.
On the recommendation of Max von Pettenkofer, Justus von Liebig receives a Chair at LMU.
The Maximilianeum is set up to prepare gifted students for senior administrative positions.
The first women are admitted to doctoral programs at LMU. The first woman to complete the Habilitation does so in 1918.
The 1905 Nobel Prize in Chemistry goes to Adolf von Baeyer, who becomes the second of LMU’s Nobel Laureates.
The first Students’ Representative Body is founded at LMU.
Max Weber, one of the few professors in sympathy with the new Republic, joins the LMU faculty.
Richard Willstätter, renowned chemist and Nobel Laureate, resigns in protest against anti-Semitic agitation.
LMU-students take part in the burning of books on Königsplatz.
Members of the White Rose group issue leaflets calling for resistance against the Nazi regime.
Munich, including the LMU, suffers severe bombing. Over 70% of the city’s buildings are destroyed.
Albert Rehm is named Provisional Rector of LMU, following the closure of the University by the American authorities.
LMU formally reopens on 23 July. It is the last university in the American Zone to do so
LMU has 28,500 registered students and employs 9,255 people.
The new Higher Education Act (Hochschulgesetz) abolishes the Students’ Unions.
The ‘Landshuter Freundeskreis’ is formed as an integral part of the Munich University Association.
Theodor W. Hänsch shares the Nobel Prize for Physics 2005 with two American researchers.
A presidential system of governance is again introduced: Rector Bernd Huber becomes President.
LMU does very well in the first phase of the Excellence Initiative.
In the second phase of the Excellence Initiative, LMU emerges as the most successful participant.
LMU funded as University of Excellence